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Mechanical and automatic watch: What differences?

Mechanical watch vs automatic watch: What differences? -Charlie Paris

Manual mechanical display and automatic mechanical watch: What are their technical specificities?

The same question is systematically raised: mechanical watch? Show at quartz? Automatic displayWhen we talk about these watches, we're interested in movement of the latter.


What is automatic movement?

The movementis the mechanism that allows a watch to work. The Swiss watch brands generally own their own manufacture, which is why their prices are very high.

Mechanical watches

The mechanical watches are highly prized by watch connoisseurs and collectors, who appreciate it technical prowess and the beauty of the mechanism.  

These are watches as its name suggests that work only thanks to mechanical energy. There are no electronic components in contrast to watches that work with stacks, also called Quartz watches. To know the specificities of a quartz movement, Click here.

Among them are the manual reassembly watches of those at automatic reassembly. An automatic watch is a mechanical watch, but the "reassemblement" of the watch is done automatically and not manually as the first watches!

By abuse of language we have moved from "automatic reassembly mechanical watch" to "automatic watch" only if these two names refer to exactly the same type of watch.


You may wonder who is the origin of the first watch and when is this wonderful creation?
Team Charlie Paris reveals all the secrets of his invention.

mechanical watch vs automatic watch

What is a mechanical watch and an automatic watch?

To understand the functioning of a mechanical watch First of all, you need to learn more about its main components!

The main components of a Mechanical watch are:

  • The crown:It is the small wheel on the right side of your watch. It is attached to the remontoir tree and is used to remount the engine spring.
  • The Engine spring:It is an elastic steel strip that provides the energy needed for movement when armed, i.e. tense.
  • The transmission system (driving):It transmits the energy accumulated in the barrel spring to the exhaust wheel via a series of small wheels.
  • Exhaust wheel:Its function is to allow the energy carried by the wheels to be escaped to the anchor, intermittently and regularly. It is the watch maintenance body.
  • The swinger:It is the heart of the movement. It beats between 5 and 10 times per second in a circular manner. He is the originator of the “tic-tac”, a noise produced by pallets on the teeth of the exhaust wheel, due to its movement of the way forward. It is the regulator of the movement.
  • The rubies:They are stones of great hardness that reduce the friction and wear of the components of the mechanism.

    Another component is added to it for a mechanical watch to be an automatic watch: the Rotor also called Oscillante Mass.
  • The rotor:Clearly it is a weight in the shape of a semicircle attached to the movement. It rotates 360 degrees according to the movements of the wrist and allows through a series of mechanisms, to reassemly and "retrend" the barrel spring thus providing mechanical energy to the watch.

So if a mechanical watch does not include automatic winding, it does not include a rotor. The Spring of the Barillet is "reassembled" or held manually with the crown.

automatic watch difference mechanical watch


How a mechanical watch works:

Now that you know the main components of mechanical motion, how does it really work?

Here are the six main steps to better understand how your watch's hands rotate:

  1. If it's an automatic watch: The wrist movements rotate theRotorand thus go back to thebarrel spring. If it is a non-automatic mechanical watch, the winding can also be done by turning theCrown ;
  2. Thetransmission systemtransfers energy toexhaust wheel ;
  3. Exhausts dose energy in regular sections;
  4. TheBalanceUses this regular energy to beat back and forth consistently;
  5. With each series of beats, a series of wheels transfer the energy to theNeedlesWatch;
  6. The hands move on the dial.

An automatic watch has a nice aesthetic advantage. Indeed, the seconds hand does not jump one second but many more small jumps. The whole thing is more linear.

Now that you're relentless on themechanical watches and automatic watches, you can discover our men's automatic watches, and our Women's automatic watches

man watch

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