Mechanical watch or quartz watch? It is impossible to be interested in the history of watchmaking and watches without highlighting the role of quartz and its movements. Quartz watches are the most common in the watch market, but qhat is a quartz watch and what are its specificities? Do not worry, through this article Team Charlie will enlighten you on quartz movements.
When was the quartz watch invented?
In the 19th century, innovations in electricity and quartz advanced the watchmaking sector. It all began in 1880, when the two French physicists, Pierre and Jacques Curie, decided to take an interest in quartz and discovered an interesting peculiarity of the mineral. This is its piezoelectric effect. This effect implies that under a certain pressure, quartz can generate electricity. Despite this discovery, it was not until 1927 that this feature was exploited. The Americans Warren Morrison and J.W Horton made the first quartz clock, but it was very massive.
It was not until the 1960s that the Swiss watch industry launched the first prototypes of quartz watches, but it was the Japanese company Seiko which sold the first quartz watch. However, the quartz watch experienced a real craze in the 1970s. The Quartz movement watch is today the most marketed type of watch in the world, despite a strong craze around the automatic watch.
Movement is the mechanism that allows a watch to work. At Charlie Paris, we source most of our products from Citizen, a Japanese manufacturer. quartz movement watches for menand women. The big Swiss watchmaking houses generally have their own manufacture, which is why their prices are very high.
How does a quartz watch work? As the name suggests a Quartz movement watch is a watch that requires the use of Quartz crystal. Quartz is a mineral that has piezoelectric properties. Thepiezoelectricityis the ability of a material to electrically polarize under the action of a mechanical force. Conversely, this material has the ability to vibrate and oscillate under the action of an electric voltage. This is called the reverse effect of piezoelectricity. The phenomenon of piezoelectricity was discovered by the brothers Pierre and Jacques Curie in 1880.
This vibration of quartz is not random, it is exactly 32,768 vibrations in one second. All the quartz lamellae present in a Quartz movement vibrate at this frequency. A counter calculates the number of vibrations emitted by the quartz slide, once this number reaches 32,768 it triggers the advance of the second hand by one second and the time display mechanism in general. .
The regularity of these vibrations is what allows watches equipped with Quartz movement to be extremely precise. We consider that a Quartz movement watch shifts less than one second per month.
How to set the time on a quartz watch? Follow the next steps:
How to set the date of quartz watches? Follow the steps below:
Tip from Team Charlie: When the hands go through 12 o'clock, if the date changes it is midnight and if it does not change it is noon.
Now that you know more about the origins and the functioning of a quartz watch, here is a small recap of the many advantages of a quartz watch:
- The precision : Unbeatable! Quartz watches have an accuracy of a few seconds a month, which is why this created a "tidal wave" when they first appeared. These watches are powered by a battery and thus have a very precise and reliable mechanism.
- Resistance : Quartz movements are less fragile than mechanical movements which are made up of many more parts. Quartz is more resistant to shocks and vibrations. Unlike mechanical movements, a quartz movement does not require any special maintenance, apart from changing the battery (approximately every two years).
- The price : Quartz watches are less expensive than mechanical watches. Indeed, quartz watches are offered at low cost because they have very few parts. If you are looking for a cheap watch, then you can turn to a quartz watch.
- The thickness: Quartz movements have the advantage of being thinner than the majority of mechanical watches. If you are looking for a slim watch and you don't have 10,000 euros to shell out, the quartz watch has a definite advantage.
Although quartz watches have many advantages and are the most common on the market, these timepieces still have certain drawbacks.
The main disadvantages of a quartz watch are related to its battery and its lifespan:
Moreover, quartz watches are not always of great interest to watch enthusiasts because they are not very interesting in terms of technicality and know-how. Enthusiasts and those who appreciate the complexity of a watch movement are turning more to an automatic watch. Either way, quartz watches are still a good option for anyone looking to afford a nice, affordable watch.
At Charlie Paris we offer you quartz watches for women and quartz watches for men. They are city watches, with a clean and elegant design or sports watches.
Discover our urban quartz watches:
Quartz sports watches for men and women by Charlie Paris:
Let yourself be tempted and discover without further delay our watches for men and women with these famous quartz movements.