An automatic watch is a great accessory to wear on your wrist. Very popular with watch enthusiasts, an automatic watch is more expensive than a quartz watch. This price difference can be explained mainly by the fact that an automatic watch requires more complex work to manufacture and design its movement. It is therefore important to understand how an automatic watch works. How does an automatic watch work? What are its specificities? To understand how an automatic watch works and its movement, you must first understand what this type of watch is made of. In this article we will enlighten you on how an automatic watch works.
- What is a movement?
- Watch with automatic movement: the components
- Watch with automatic movement: how it works
1. What is a movement?Movement is the mechanism that allows a watch to work. At Charlie Paris, we get our supplies from Citizen, a Japanese manufacture for most of our automatic watches.The major Swiss watch brands generally have their own manufacture, which is why their prices are very high.
For our watches, we use two main families of movements:
- Quartz movements which are simple mechanisms that work with a battery. These movements have the advantage of being the most precise. We use Quartz movements for the watches in our women's collection (Aurore, Sully, Monceau) and for our men's watches (Bastille, Horizon, Concordia and GR).
- Automatic mechanical movements use wheels and springs to operate using kinetic energy. That is, the energy that a body possesses as a result of its movement. The movement of aautomatic watchis more complex to manufacture and design. It is the darling of watch enthusiasts and collectors. They prove real know-how. Our Initial automatic watch works thanks to this type of movement.
2. Watch with automatic movement: the components
To fully understand how a watch that has an automatic movement works, you must first learn more about its main components!
Here are its main components:
- The rotor: it is the oscillating weight of the mechanism. Clearly it is a semi-circle shaped weight attached to the movement. It rotates 360 ° according to the movements of the wrist and allows, thanks to a series of mechanisms, to wind the barrel spring, thus providing mechanical energy to the watch.
- The crown : This is the small wheel located on the right side of your watch. It is attached to the winding shaft and is used to wind the mainspring.
- The spring of Barrel: It is an elastic band of steel that provides the energy necessary for movement when it is armed, that is, stretched.
- The transmission system (cog): It transmits the energy stored in the barrel spring to the escapement wheel via a series of small wheels.
- Exhaust wheel: its function is to release the energy conveyed by the cogs to the anchor, intermittently and regularly. This is the watch's maintenance organ.
- The balance: This is the heart of the movement. It beats between 5 and 10 times per second in a circular fashion. It is he who is responsible for the "ticking" noise produced by the paddles on the teeth of the escapement wheel due to its back and forth movement. It is the regulating organ of movement. It is he who will determine the frequency of an automatic watch.
- Rubies: They are very hard stones that reduce friction and wear on the components of the mechanism.
3. Watch with automatic movement: how it works
Now that you are familiar with the main components of mechanical movement, how does it actually work?
Here are the six main steps to better understand how the hands of your watch turn:
- The movements of the wrist turn the rotor and thus wind the barrel spring. Winding can also be done by turning the crown;
- The transmission system transfers energy to the escape wheel;
- The exhaust doses the energy in regular sections;
- The pendulum uses this regular energy to beat back and forth constantly;
- With each series of beats, a series of wheels transfer energy to the hands of the clock;
- The hands advance on the dial.
Our Initial automatic watch includes a balance wheel that recharges the barrel spring by wrist movements. Thus, if the watch is worn regularly, it will not need to be manually wound. An automatic watch has a nice aesthetic advantage. This is because the seconds hand does not jump a second but many more small jumps. Everything is more linear.
We also offerinterchangeable bracelets so that you can adapt yourLadies watch or man for all situations!Discover our french watches automatic, both sober and remarkable, with excellent value for money and responsible manufacturing.